Scarlet fever history

History & Origin of Scarlet Fever - Video & Lesson

Scarlet fever (known as scarlatina in older literature references) is a syndrome characterized by exudative pharyngitis (see the image below), fever, and bright-red exanthem. It is caused by streptococcal pyrogenic exotoxins (SPEs) types A, B, and C produced by group A beta-hemolytic streptococci (GABHS) found in secretions and discharge from the nose, ears, throat, and skin Scarlet fever (known as scarlatina in older literature references) is a syndrome characterized by exudative pharyngitis (see the image below), fever, and bright-red exanthem. It is caused by..

Though possibly mentioned as far back as Hippocrates in 400 B.C., scarlet fever came into its own in America during the 1800s and early 1900s. It was quite common during that time, killing almost.. Historical data suggest at least three epidemiologic phases for scarlet fever. In the first, which appears to have begun in ancient times and lasted until the late eighteenth century, scarlet fever.. In 1923, the husband and wife team of George and Gladys Dick identified the streptococcal bacterium responsible for causing scarlet fever, and shortly thereafter they isolated the toxin responsible for causing the characteristic rash of scarlet fever In general, scarlet fever is a mild infection. It usually takes two to five days for someone exposed to group A strep to become sick. Illness usually begins with a fever and sore throat. There may also be chills, vomiting, or abdominal pain. The tongue may have a whitish coating and appear swollen Scarlet fever is an illness caused by Streptococcus pyogenes bacteria, or Group A Streptococcus, and gets its name from the telltale red rash that often occurs as a result of the infection. Other symptoms can include a very red, sore throat, high fever, headache, body aches, a red and bumpy tongue, and bright red skin in the creases of the.

1858: Scarlet fever also came in waves Scarlet fever is a bacterial infection that can occur after strep throat. Like cholera, scarlet fever epidemics came in waves. Scarlet fever most commonly.. In 1856, Archibald Tait—the future Archbishop of Canterbury—lost five children in just as many weeks to scarlet fever. When the fever wasn't fatal, it nearly always weakened the child who often died months or even years later from its complications. This was the fate of Beth in Louisa May Alcott's Little Women This prepublication history comprises all previous versions of the manuscript, the study protocol (submitting the protocol is mandatory for all clinical trials and encouraged for all other studies at The BMJ), the report from the manuscript committee meeting, the reviewers' comments, and the authors' responses to all the comments from.

On Scarlet Fever World History Common

Scarlet fever is a bacterial illness that develops in some people who have strep throat. Also known as scarlatina, scarlet fever features a bright red rash that covers most of the body. Scarlet fever is almost always accompanied by a sore throat and a high fever. Scarlet fever is most common in children 5 to 15 years of age Scarlet fever, also known as scarlatina, is a bacterial infection caused by Streptococcus pyogenes also known as group A-beta hemolytic or Strep A for short. Streptococcus group A found in the throat and skin is the same bacteria in strep throat. When this group of bacteria releases toxins, scarlet fever is present.

Diseases and epidemics of the 19th century included long-standing epidemic threats such as smallpox, typhus, yellow fever, and scarlet fever.In addition, cholera emerged as an epidemic threat and spread worldwide in six pandemics in the nineteenth century. The third plague pandemic emerged in China in the mid-nineteenth century and spread worldwide in the 1890s Scarlet fever is an infectious-contagious disease with the etiologic agent Streptococcus beta-hemolytic group B. The rash typically appears as a macropapular rash, with red color on all areas of the body. The rash is not present on the face. On the face there is only a red color of the cheeks and a pale color around the eyes and around the mouth—Filatov's mask In 1874 Weaverham made the National newspaper headlines. Doctor Frazer, the medical officer for the area, reported that, Since August 1874 scarlet fever has spread in this Township until it has become epidemic. Until the 9th. of November there had been 165 cases in Weaverham and 241 in the local area, with 29 deaths in the village, a death.

Scarlet Fever Pandemics and Deafnes

  1. Scarlet fever, also called scarlatina, is caused by Group A streptococcus (group A strep), a bacterium commonly found in the throat and on the skin. These bacteria also cause strep throat. Scarlet fever often appears as a rash and is accompanied by a high fever and a strawberry-like appearance of the tongue
  2. Scarlet fever is a highly infectious disease caused by a strain of streptococcus bacteria. Today, antibiotics shorten the course of the disease and reduce the chances of secondary complications. In the 1800s, there were of course no antibiotics - and scarlet fever especially affects children between the ages of around two and 12
  3. Title: Microsoft Word - swedlund.doc Author: default Created Date: 8/10/2004 12:26:12 A
  4. Scarlet fever- is a disease that is caused by infection with the group A Streptococcus bacteria. The bacteria make a toxin that can cause the Scarlet colored rash from which the illness gets its name. This rash is usually seen in people under the age of 18. History of the Scarlet fever

Scarlet Fever, the disease which killed thousands during the 19th century, is making a comeback, public health specialists have warned. Almost 3,000 cases of the disease were recorded in 2008 in. Scarlet fever is a contagious infection that mostly affects young children. It's easily treated with antibiotics. Check if you have scarlet fever. The first signs of scarlet fever can be flu-like symptoms, including a high temperature of 38C or above, a sore throat and swollen neck glands (a large lump on the side of your neck) Thousands of children are being infected with scarlet fever as the once feared Victorian disease, a leading cause of infant deaths in the early 20th century, makes a startling comeback impossible to disentangle the description of scarlet fever from that of other acute exanthemata, especially measles and erysipelas, on the one hand, and from that of diphtheria on the other. An attempt has been made by some writers to trace back the history of scarlet fever to classical antiquity. Some, such as Malfatti, Collier, and Clifford. Scarlet Fever In History. The earliest concise description of scarlet fever and its symptoms was given by the German physiologist Daniel Sennert. In 1619 Sennert accurately observed and recorded the sequence of the disease ' s symptoms: the appearance of the associated rash, its decline, and scaling of the skin

History Of Scarlet Fever Disease - rocketswag

Scarlet fever ( infectious diseases ) is an upper respiratory tract bacterial infection associated with a characteristic rash, which is caused by an infection with pyrogenic exotoxin (erythrogenic toxin) -producing GAS in individuals who do not have antitoxin antibodies In the past. scarlet fever was thought to reflect infection of an. Scarlet Fever Is an upper respiratory tract infection associated with a characteristic rash , which is caused by an infection with pyrogenic exotoxin (erythrogenic toxin )-producing group A streptococcus in individuals who do not have antitoxin antibodies. 3 Scarlet fever is caused by group A Streptococcus. If the bacteria attack your throat, it's called strep. If it gives you a skin rash, it's scarlet fever. Scarlet fever is a bacterial infection that causes a red rash. Learn more about scarlet fever, symptoms of scarlet fever, how doctors diagnose scarlet fever, and long-term effects of scarlet fever

Scarlet Fever. An 8-year-old girl presents to the pediatrician's office for a recent illness. She has a sore throat and a diffuse rash that has started to peel. On physical exam, she has a diffuse sandpaper-like rash on her trunk and extremities that spares her palms and soles. The physician also notes circumoral pallor Scarlet fever is an acute infectious disease, caused by certain types of group A hemolytic streptococci. The disease is characterized by sudden onset of soreness on swallowing, with fever and headache. A rash appears within 2 days of onset, and desquamation follows scarlet fever vaccine history. A 34-year-old member asked: best medicine for scarlet fever? Dr. Mark Mcgranahan answered. 24 years experience Pediatrics. Antibiotics: Scarlet fever is a rash caused by a strep infection somewhere in the body, usually strep throat although it can be in other areas. Antibiotics such a. Scarlet fever history time. Common Questions and Answers about Scarlet fever history time. scarlet-fever. my son had scarlet fever when he was 8. Now at 17 every time he gets in the sun, the rash appears on his chest exactly in the same pattern it did when he was sick at age 8. It will go away with a tan, just appears at the first sign of sun. According to Rolleston (Rolleston, 1928) in his article on the history of scarlet fever, Giovanni Filippo Ingrassias, a Sicilian anatomist and practitioner, wrote in 1553 (Ingrassia, 1553) the first description of a disease termed rossalia that was characterized by numerous spots, large and small, fiery and red, of universal.

Scarlet fever pathology Britannic

Acute infectious diseases of high intensity, i.e. typhus fever, typhoid fever, dysentery, followed by scarlet fever, measles, malaria, relapsing fever, whooping cough, diphtheria, smallpox and Asiatic cholera spreading after the World War I in Poland posed one of the most significant problems in the reviving country Scarlet fever treatment history. Common Questions and Answers about Scarlet fever treatment history. scarlet-fever. Does anybody know if scarlet fever scars or causes loss of pigmentation? recently getting over, but skin has not healed while some parts look white and some are still red?? And would sunbathing help to dry out or just make. History of Scarlet Fever: The Fight against Childbed fever, and it's many casualties. It was 1790,when Dr Alexander Gordon, a retired naval physician, decided to settle down in the scottish town of Aberdeen Scarlet fever scarlet fever Subject Category: Diseases, Disorders, and Symptoms see more details was first recorded in Australia at Hobart in 1833, but the records of the disease in the country prior to 1850 are scanty, and up to 1865 it was frequently confused with diphtheria. Subsequently 3 periods can be distinguished, viz., (1) 1865-1880 a.

Scarlet fever-past and present - Aetiolog

Exanthème Subit; exantheme critique; fievre des trois

What is scarlet fever?. Scarlet fever is a bacterial illness that often presents with a distinctive rash made up of tiny pinkish-red spots that cover the whole body. It affects people who have recently had a sore throat (strep throat) or school sores caused by certain strains of the group A streptococcus bacteria.A toxin released by the streptococcal bacteria causes the rash of scarlet fever Thus, such a time in history where diseases so dangerous to children dominated, Williams' story was especially relevant and timely; for in The Velveteen Rabbit, not only does the Boy contract Scarlet Fever, but he recovers from it, which renders the story to be an enormously hopeful point of references for families of the day Scarlet fever can cause chills, fever, sore throat, abdominal pain, a swollen tongue, red rash and peeling skin. Before the advent of modern medicine, it had a mortality rate up to 25 percent Treatment For Scarlet Fever In 1800s. Scarlet fever was a feared disease of the 19th century and there were many epidemics of high mortality. The mortality rate was 972 per million of population. Dr. James Russell, regarded as father of public health, discovered scarlet fever, one of the deadly diseases of his time

Lamagni noted that in 2013 scarlet fever cases in England and Wales were seen at a rate of about 8 per 100,000 children. That soared to 27 per 100,000 in 2014 and 33 per 100,000 in 2016. Trending Now Scarlet fever is an infection caused by group A streptococcus (group A strep), the same bacteria responsible for strep throat. Also known as scarlatina, it's characterized by a rash and a red tongue. It's most likely to strike children between ages 5 and 15 and rarely, if ever, affects adults

Scarlet Fever: Background, Pathophysiology, Etiolog

the Scarlet Fever Epidemic of 1902. by Mary Raabe. first published in 2018. Over 130 years have passed since Catherine Burnes began her practice and many details of her service to Hopkins have been lost. We are however, in possession of several Minneapolis newspaper articles describing her uncompromising adherence to sound medical practice. In. When scarlet fever mortality declined and the synchrony with measles ended, there is some indication that pertussis might have filled its vacated niche. Measles epidemics in 1884, 1893, 1898, and 1900 were followed by pertussis peaks in 1884-86, 1894, 1889, and 1901-2, respectively Scarlet fever (sometimes called scarlatina) is an infectious disease caused by bacteria called Streptococcus pyogenes, or group A streptococcus (GAS). The same bacteria can also cause impetigo While scarlet fever is in fact an advanced manifestation of strep throat (which by definition is the infection of the pharynx by a bacteria of the Streptococcus genre), epidemiology studies tell us that the majority of throat infections -i. e. pharyngitis- are caused by viruses. 90% of pharyngitis in adults are caused by viruses, not bacteria. Scarlet fever is a condition caused by Streptococcus A bacteria. It affects mostly children under the age of 10; however, anyone can get it. Symptoms usually start suddenly with a fever and sore throat, then a pink rash that starts on your chest and tummy and spreads across your whole body. Scarlet fever can be diagnosed with a throat swab or a.

Scarlet Fever Clinical Presentation: History, Physical

Rheumatic fever (acute rheumatic fever) is a disease that can affect the heart, joints, brain, and skin. Rheumatic fever can develop if strep throat and scarlet fever infections are not treated properly. Early diagnosis of these infections and treatment with antibiotics are key to preventing rheumatic fever Ludy, Hunt, and Cogswell 3 reported that 5.7 per cent of the cases at Camp Hancock gave a history of previously having had scarlet fever. TREATMENT No satisfactory specific treatment was known for scarlet fever before the World War, and none was developed during that time A 12 year outbreak of scarlet fever in Singapore. We read with interest the reports in The Lancet Infectious Diseases of a resurgence of scarlet fever in China and England, which were first detected in 2011 and 2014, respectively. 1,2 Globally, an increase in incidence of scarlet fever was first detected in 2009 in northeast Asian countries (eg.

Scarlet Fever: A Disease From the Past Claws Its Way to

Death from scarlet fever today is incredibly rare, as the NHS assuring that while in the past scarlet fever, which usually begins with a Streptococcus A infection, was a very serious illness for. Scarlet fever was common in certain stations; in others, tonsillitis without rash was the rule. In one post, suppurative complications were exceedingly common. During 1943, 6,710 admissions for rheumatic fever were reported from the Army in the United States Most cases of scarlet fever clear up after about a week without treatment. However, treatment is recommended. Treatment reduces the length of time you're contagious, speeds up recovery and lowers the risk of complications of scarlet fever.. With treatment, most people recover in about four to five days and can return to nursery, school or work 24 hours after starting antibiotic treatment A fever is likely with roseola, erythema infectiosum, and scarlet fever. Pruritus sometimes occurs with atopic dermatitis, pityriasis rosea, erythema infectiosum, molluscum contagiosum, and tinea. Lawlor Island stood as a bulwark for Nova Scotia, batting away a murderers' row of diseases: scarlet fever, yellow fever, smallpox, cholera, diphtheria, tuberculosis and plague

Scarlet fever is a bacterial infection caused by group A Streptococcus bacteria that results in a rash and fever.; Group a beta hemolytic streptococci produce an erythrogenic toxin that causes scarlet fever.; The incubation period for scarlet fever is about 12 hours to seven days.; Risk factors for scarlet fever include overcrowding, especially with children age 5 to 15 years old and the. Scarlet fever is an infectious disease caused by toxin-producing strains of the bacteria Streptococcus pyogenes, also known as group A streptococcus (GAS).GAS can colonise the throat or the skin. Scarlet fever occurs most commonly in association with pharyngitis, but may also result from infection at other sites, including wound infection and puerperal sepsi THE HISTORY OF SCARLET FEVER Br Med J 1928; 2 :926. BibTeX (win & mac) Download. EndNote (tagged) Download. EndNote 8 (xml) Download. RefWorks Tagged (win & mac) Download. RIS (win only) Download. Medlars Download. Help. If you are unable to import citations, please contact technical support for your product directly (links go to external sites) Scarlet fever has a lot of historical data that points towards it seeming like there were three epidemics of scarlet fever, the first which appears to have begun in ancient times and then lasted all the way to the early eighteenth century. The fever seemed as if to spread for a long time and over a vast area of country, but at a low level

Scarlet fever--past and present ScienceBlog

  1. The History of Scarlet Fever. Author(s) : Rolleston, J. D. Journal issue : British Medical Journal 1928 pp.926-9 ref.29 Abstract : Readers may like to know of this interesting paper. It is not possible usefully to abstract it. J. F. C. H. Record.
  2. ate killer of young and old - measles
  3. Yang SG, Dong HJ, Li FR, Xie SY, Cao HC, Xia SC, et al. Report and analysis of a scarlet fever outbreak among adults through food-borne transmission in China. J Infect . 2007 Nov. 55(5):419-24.
  4. der of some of the contagious illnesses that descended upon Greenbelt in the past
  5. Scarlet fever, caused by Group A streptococcal bacteria, was a common diseaseat one time, especially in children. Named for the flushing of the face thatit causes, it is characterized by a sore throat, chills, fever, headache, vomiting, rapid pulse, red rash, and an inflamed or strawberry tongue
  6. Scarlet fever is caused by the same kind of bacteria that cause strep throat. In scarlet fever, the bacteria release a toxin that produces the rash and red tongue. The infection spreads from person to person when an infected person coughs or sneezes. The incubation period is usually two to seven days
  7. Between approximately 1820 and 1880 there was a world pandemic of scarlet fever and several severe epidemics occurred in... 1858-59 epidemic in Massachusetts with 2089 deaths, 95% were 15y/o or younger 1850-1910- 227 deaths in 4 towns; 220 were under 16 & 89 were between 1858-59 & 1867-68

Nature's Eye: Scarlet Fever Facts, History, Causes

2. Red rash is a classic symptom. The classic symptom of scarlet fever is a red rash that feels like sandpaper which appears 1-2 days after the illness begins and generally lasts for 3-5 days. 1,2 The rash may first emerge on the neck, underarm, and groin regions and then spread over the body. Other symptoms also include a headache, fever, sore throat, swollen tonsils, chills, vomiting, and. Take a quick interactive quiz on the concepts in History & Origin of Scarlet Fever or print the worksheet to practice offline. These practice questions will help you master the material and retain. History of Scarlet Fever Scarlet fever is not new to the human life. Some researchers think that descriptions of disease that match scarlet fever date back almost 2,500 years, to Hippocrates. Scarlet Fever or Scarlatina. Their are three epidemiological phases for scarlet fever Most of the attempts to inoculate human beings with scarlet fever have been made, not for the purposes of studying the nature and mode of infection in this disease, but in the hope that a mild attack might result that would protect against further attacks. It was the success of inoculation of..

History.—The early history of scarlet fever is not very reliable, as it was for a long time regarded as a variety of measles, and the first definite and distinctive name that gave it as a separate and distinct disease must be credited to Sydenham, who carefully studied it The scarlet fever rash first appears as tiny red bumps on the chest and abdomen that may spread all over the body. Looking like a sunburn, it feels like a rough piece of sandpaper, and lasts about.

Scarlet Fever: All You Need to Know CD

Here are the top interesting facts about scarlet fever (scarlatina): 1 Scarlet fever, also called scarlatina, is a bacterial infection caused by group A Streptococcus bacteria (this bacterium also causes strep throat) that results in fever and a rash.. 2 This condition can be transmitted through respiratory droplets or direct contact with saliva, mucus, or the skin of infected people Scarlet Fever Epidemic Scarlet Fever is a very contagious illness that disproportionately affects children. Although there is no vaccine, it is treatable through antibiotics, thanks to modern medicine. However, this was not always the case Scarlet fever is an exotoxin-mediated disease arising from a specific bacterial infection by an erythrogenic toxin-producing strain of Streptococcus pyogenes - Group A beta-haemolytic streptococci (GpA BHS).Scarlet fever can follow infection at other sites, including wounds, burns and postnatally (for example, surgical scarlet fever and puerperal scarlet fever)

Scarlet fever, also known as scarlatina, gets its name from the fact that the patient's skin, especially on the cheeks, is flushed. A sore throat and raised rash over much of the body are accompanied by fever and sluggishness (lethargy). The fever usually subsides within a few days and recovery is complete by two weeks The following is adapted from Lovise: Three Years is Forever by Eva Rask Stewart. A novel written about the life of Lovise (Sundt) Rask, it included the following story about Peder & Kjersti Rask's experience with scarlet fever. From pages 182-185. (The novel gave fictional names to the characters, so I've changed them back for the purpose of thi THE HISTORY OF EXPERIMENTAL SCARLET FEVER IN MAN LUDVIG HEKTOEN, M.D. CHICAGO Most of the attemptsto inoculate human beingswith scarlet fever have been made, not for the purposes of studying the nature and mode of infection in this disease, but in the hopethat a mild attack might result that would protect against further attacks. It was th Scarlet fever is caused by a bacterium so prevention is as simple as being vigilant about hygiene, hand-washing and not using an infected person's clothes, towels or bed linen Scarlet fever rash. Soft palate petechiae (doughnut lesions) Sudden onset of sore throat. Fever. Headache. History of exposure to GAS. Nausea, vomiting, and abdominal pain

Cause of England's Scarlet Fever Epidemic Remains a Myster

Posts about scarlet fever written by raycityhistory. At a young age, Bruner Shaw married Mollie Register, daughter of William M. Register (1852-1926) and Sarah Laura Parrish Register (1854-1933), and granddaughter of Elder Ancil Parrish, the old Primitive Baptist preacher of Berrien County.. The Registers were a prominent family of Nashville, GA Scarlet fever's power to kill in epidemic proportion was severely weakened by the development of a vaccine in the 1920s. Typically arriving in cold weather, scarlet fever targeted the young Supportive management is adequate for most sore throats including scarlet fever: simple analgesia (see Acute pain management) corticosteroids can be considered in patients with severe pain unresponsive to simple analgesia: dexamethasone 0.15 mg/kg (max 10 mg) PO/IV/IM as a single dose. OR

A throat culture definitively diagnoses scarlet fever, and a doctor prescribes a course of antibiotics to cure the infection. Skin where the rash occurs frequently peels off as the infection subsides, and full recovery can take up to two weeks. Most commonly, scarlet fever affects children from the ages of 5 to 15 Scarlet fever is a condition that can develop in people, usually children, who have strep throat. It's characterized by a bright red rash, high fever, and sore throat. Find out whether it's. Scarlet fever was once a very serious childhood disease, but now it is easy to treat. The streptococcal bacteria that cause it produce a toxin that leads to the red rash the illness is named for.. The main risk factor for getting scarlet fever is infection with the bacteria that cause strep throat

Scarlet Fever | Class Acts Entertainment

The diagnosis of scarlet fever can be made by your health-care provider utilizing information obtained from your medical history, physical exam, and laboratory testing. Because the majority of cases of scarlet fever are associated with strep throat, your health-care provider may gently swab the back of the throat and tonsils using a cotton swab. Scarlet Fever in History The earliest concise description of scarlet fever and its symptoms was given by the German physiologist Daniel Sennert. In 1619 Sennert accurately observed and recorded the sequence of the disease's symptoms: the appearance of the associated rash, its decline, and scaling of the skin Message 2 - Scarlet fever. Posted on: 05 December 2003 by Marypat. Dear Paul, Thanks for your message, it is the first one I have had. The school was in Preston, but I cannot remember the name of.

The Worst Outbreaks in U

Scarlet fever is most common in children aged less than 10 years, with 4-year-olds most likely of all to catch it. 87% of cases in the UK are in children under 10 years. Although adults can get scarlet fever, this is very unusual. However, the symptoms and treatment are the same as for children Epidemic scarlet fever or scarlatina caused by Streptococcus pyogenes (group A streptococcus) resulted in significant mortality and morbidity in the 19th and early 20th centuries, then receded as a major public health problem before the introduction of widespread antibiotic use. 1-3 Although sporadic cases of scarlet fever continue to occur. Toxin-mediated illnesses, such as group A streptococcus infections (eg, toxic shock syndrome and scarlet fever) can also present with fever, rash, mucous membrane changes, and abnormal extremity findings.4, 6 Desquamation in Kawasaki disease tends to affect the hands and feet, as it does in toxic shock syndrome; however, in Kawasaki disease, it. Definition of scarlet-fever noun in Oxford Advanced Learner's Dictionary. Meaning, pronunciation, picture, example sentences, grammar, usage notes, synonyms and more

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Rheumatic fever is an inflammatory condition that may develop after infection with group A Streptococcus bacteria, such as strep throat or scarlet fever.It is primarily diagnosed in children between the ages of 6 and 16 and can affect the heart, joints, nervous system and/or skin Ms. Sloan recalls how the nursing sisters dealt with a severe scarlet fever outbreak amongst the soldiers. Hallie Sloan. Hallie Sloan was born in Winnipeg, Manitoba in 1920. At age ten, she and her family moved to Saskatoon, Saskatchewan. Ms. Sloan always had the desire to become a nurse and moved to Vancouver where she obtained a nursing.

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Lykens, March 17. - An epidemic of scarlet fever that has had terrible results in the last two weeks has thoroughly alarmed Lykens and neighboring towns. In the last two weeks the disease has resulted in eleven deaths out of twenty-eight cases. There were three deaths yesterday and another last night Scarlet fever may sound like a disease from the history books, but the old scourge, which was once a common cause of death in young children, is making a dangerous comeback in certain parts of the. 1863-64 Scarlet fever in Dunedin: 119 deaths 1872-75 Diphtheria prevalent in Christchurch 1872 Smallpox outbreak in Auckland from SS Nebraska: 7 cases, 3 deaths 1873 Pertussis (whooping cough): 356 deaths across New Zealand 1874 Typhoid at Cromwell: 110 cases, 20 deaths 1874-75 Measles: 344 deaths across New Zealan

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